Women and Diabetes
It is very likely that you know or perhaps care for someone that has diabetes. According to The American Diabetes Association,
- 11.5 million or 10.2% of all women aged 20 years or older have diabetes
- 1 in every 400-600 of our children and adolescents has type 1 diabetes and
- About 2 million of our adolescents aged 12-19 have pre-diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is frequently diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 1 is recognized as an autoimmune disease that leads to the inability to produce the hormone insulin, which we need to process simple carbohydrates (e.g. fruits) and complex carbohydrates (e.g. breads, pastas, beans, potatoes, rice and cereals) into energy.
Type 2 diabetes, a condition in which the body fails to use insulin properly is more prevalent and generally has a gradual onset in adulthood. People who are overweight, physically inactive, and/or over the age of 40 are more prone to Type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is generally diagnosed around or after 28 weeks of pregnancy. It is more common in women who are obese and/or have a family history of diabetes. Prevention is crucial: Women who have had gestational diabetes have a 40-60% chance of developing diabetes in the years following their pregnancy so it is important to follow your physician’s advice about managing your blood sugar to prevent complications for you or your baby.
Left untreated, diabetes may affect many parts of the body and can lead to serious complications. Your primary care physician, the specialists in the endocrinology office, and the HealthReach Diabetes professionals are on hand to partner with you or your family member to reduce the occurrence of diabetes-related complications.